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Volcanic activity status


3
    26 July 2011
Volcano is restless; eruption may occur.
View activity history and location map of Lokon Empung


Volcanoes in Indonesia

The geography of Indonesia is dominated by volcanoes that are formed due to subduction zones between the Eurasian plate and the Indo-Australian plate. Some of the volcanoes are notable for their eruptions, for instance, Krakatau for its global effects in 1883, Lake Toba for its supervolcanic eruption estimated to have occurred 74,000 Before Present which was responsible for six years of volcanic winter, and Mount Tambora for the most violent eruption in recorded history in 1815.


Lokon-Empung
Lokon-Empung on Sulawesi

Mount Lokon, together with Mount Empung, is a twin volcano (2.2 kilometer apart) in the northern Sulawesi, Indonesia, roughly 10 kilometer south of Manado. Both rise above the Tondano plain and are among active volcanoes of Sulawesi. Mount Lokon has a flat and craterless top.

Lokon formed during a period of andesitic volcanism on ring fractures resulting from the Tondano caldera's early to mid-Pleistocene collapse. Recently-erupted material remains andesitic in composition and consists of ash plumes and, less commonly, pyroclastic flows and lava domes.
Picture: Mount Lokon
The volcano erupted on 15 July 2011, forcing thousands of people to evacuate. The last major eruption of Mount Lokon before in 1991, killed a Swiss hiker and forced thousands of people to flee their homes.


Location map of Lokon-Empung

All text in this article is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
Last revised on September 05, 2011
    
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