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Volcanoes in Indonesia

The geography of Indonesia is dominated by volcanoes that are formed due to subduction zones between the Eurasian plate and the Indo-Australian plate. Some of the volcanoes are notable for their eruptions, for instance, Krakatau for its global effects in 1883, Lake Toba for its supervolcanic eruption estimated to have occurred 74,000 Before Present which was responsible for six years of volcanic winter, and Mount Tambora for the most violent eruption in recorded history in 1815.

List of volcanoes in Indonesia

Halmahera island in the north of Molucca archipelago has been formed by the movement of three tectonic plates resulting in two intersecting mountain ranges, which form four rocky peninsulas separated by three deep bays. A volcanic arc stretches from north to south in the west side of Halmahera, some of which are volcanic islands, for instance, Gamalama and Tidore.

Gamalama's island name is Ternate and it has been the center for spice trading since the Portuguese Empire opened a fort in 1512. Due to its location as the center for spice trading during the Age of Discovery, historical records of volcanic eruptions in Halmahera have been available as far back as the early sixteenth century.

  Name Shape Elevation Last eruption (VEI)
  Tarakan Pyroclastic cone 318 unknown
Dukono Complex volcano 1,335 13 August 1933 (3)
Tobaru unknown 1,035 unknown
Ibu Stratovolcano 1,325 May 2005 (0)
Gamkonora Stratovolcano 1,635 unknown
Todoko-Ranu Caldera 979 unknown
Jailolo Stratovolcano 1,130 unknown
Hiri Stratovolcano 630 unknown
Gamalama Stratovolcano 1,715 31 July 2003
Tidore Stratovolcano 1,730 unknown
Mare Stratovolcano 308 unknown
Moti Stratovolcano 950 unknown
Makian Stratovolcano 1,357 29 July 1988
Tigalalu Stratovolcano 422 unknown
Amasing Stratovolcano 1,030 unknown
Bibinoi Stratovolcano 900 unknown

All text in this article is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
Last revised on January 22, 2010
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