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Volcanoes in Indonesia

The geography of Indonesia is dominated by volcanoes that are formed due to subduction zones between the Eurasian plate and the Indo-Australian plate. Some of the volcanoes are notable for their eruptions, for instance, Krakatau for its global effects in 1883, Lake Toba for its supervolcanic eruption estimated to have occurred 74,000 Before Present which was responsible for six years of volcanic winter, and Mount Tambora for the most violent eruption in recorded history in 1815.

Banda Api
Banda Api in the Banda Sea

The small Banda Api island is an active volcano in Banda Sea, which has been observed since the Age of Exploration when the Portuguese Empire and the Kingdom of the Netherlands competed in the area for spice trade. A 7 kilometer wide of mostly submerged caldera is located at the northwest corner of the volcano.

Location map of Banda Api

All text in this article is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
Last revised on October 03, 2011
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