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Provinces of Indonesia

The province (provinsi or propinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. Each province has its own local government (Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi), headed by the governor (gubernur); and has its own legislative body (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah). The Governor and member of representatives are elected by popular vote for 5 years term.

West Java
Motto: Gemah ripah repeh rapih

This page is a short summary containing more general information about the province of West Java. Extensive information on West Java can be found in the directories 'Jawa', 'Jakarta' and 'Bandung' on this website.

Location map of West Java.

West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. The capital is Bandung.


History shows that West Java is the first province in Indonesia, referring to a statement from Staatblad number 378. In 1950, West Java province officially became a province of Indonesia. On October 17, 2000, as part of nationwide political decentralization, Banten was separated from West Java and made into a new province.

Geography and demographics

According to the 2005 Socio-Economic Survey, West Java's population is 39,960,869, making it the most populous province in Indonesia. It has an area of 34,736 kmē; aside from the province of Jakarta, it is the most densely populated province in the country with an average of 1,150 people per kmē.

Picture: Puncak Pass

West Java borders Jakarta and Banten province to the west, and Central Java to the east. To the north is Java Sea. To the south is the Indian Ocean. Unlike most other provinces in Indonesia which have their capitals in coastal area, the provincial capital Bandung is located in a mountainous area.

In addition to Indonesian, the official national language, the other widely-spoken language in the province is Sundanese. In some areas near the southern borders with Central Java, Javanese is also spoken. The ethnic language spoken in Cirebon and nearby areas (Majalengka, Indramayu, Sumber) is Cirebonese which is a mix between Sundanese and Javanese. Indonesian is widely spoken as a second language, except in some remote rural areas.

Administrative division

West Java is subdivided into regencies (kabupaten), each with a local capital:
  • Bogor Regency, Cibinong
  • Sukabumi Regency, Pelabuhan Ratu
  • Cianjur Regency, Cianjur
  • Bandung Regency, Soreang
  • Garut Regency, Garut
  • Tasikmalaya Regency, Tasikmalaya
  • Ciamis Regency, Ciamis
  • Kuningan Regency, Kuningan
  • Cirebon Regency, Sumber
  • Majalengka Regency, Majalengka
  • Sumedang Regency, Sumedang
  • Indramayu Regency, Indramayu
  • Subang Regency, Subang
  • Purwakarta Regency, Purwakarta
  • Karawang Regency, Karawang
  • Bekasi Regency, Bekasi

List of cities (kota) in West Java:
  • Bogor
  • Sukabumi
  • Bandung
  • Cirebon
  • Bekasi
  • Depok
  • Cimahi
  • Tasikmalaya
  • Banjar

Natural resources

Raw natural resources include chalk, several offshore oilfields in the Java Sea, and lumber. Most of the province is very fertile, with a mix of small farms and larger plantations. There are several hydropower dams, including Jatiluhur, Saguling, and Cirata.


  • Ciater resort near Subang
  • Maribaya in Lembang
  • Mount Tangkuban Perahu
  • Puncak pass
  • Jatiluhur dam
  • Taman Safari in Cipanas
  • Bogor Botanical Gardens in Bogor
  • Beaches of Pangandaran
  • Selabintana resort in Sukabumi
  • Boscha Observatorium in Lembang
  • Mekarsari fruit park, the world's biggest fruit park

  • July 2006 earthquake

    Recently, the region was shocked by 7.2 on Richter-scale earthquake that followed by small-scale tsunami. The earthquake was followed by 2 big aftershocks with both measured up to 5.9 and 6.1 on Richter scale respectively.

    All text in this article is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
    Last revised on March 19, 2010
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