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Provinces of Indonesia

The province (provinsi or propinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. Each province has its own local government (Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi), headed by the governor (gubernur); and has its own legislative body (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah). The Governor and member of representatives are elected by popular vote for 5 years term.

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This page is a short summary containing more general information about the province of Jambi. Extensive information on Jambi can be found in the directories 'Sumatra' and 'Bengkulu' on this website.

Location map of Bengkulu.

Bengkulu is a province of Indonesia. It is on the southwest coast of the island of Sumatra, and borders the provinces of West Sumatra, Jambi, South Sumatra and Lampung. The capital and largest city of the province is Bengkulu city. It was formerly the site of a British garrison, which they called Bencoolen. The province has a population of 1,405,060 (2000 census). The province also includes Enggano Island.


The British East India Company established a long-running pepper-trading center and garrison at Bengkulu (Bencoolen) in 1685. In 1714 the British built Fort Marlborough in the city; the fort still stands. The trading post was never financially profitable for the British, hampered by a location Europeans found unpleasant, and, more importantly, an inability to find sufficient pepper to buy.

Despite these difficulties, the British persisted, maintaining the presence there for 150 years before ceding it to the Dutch as part of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 to focus attention on Malacca. Like the rest of present-day Indonesia, Bengkulu remained a Dutch colony until after World War II.

During Sukarno's imprisonment by the Dutch in the early 1930s, the future first president of Indonesia lived briefly in Bengkulu. Here he met his wife, Fatmawati, who gave him several children. The most famous being the first female President of Indonesia, Megawati Sukarnoputri.

Bengkulu lies near the Sunda Fault and is prone to earthquakes and Tsunamis. In June of 2000 a quake caused damage and the loss of at least 100 people. A recent report predicts that Bengkulu is "at risk of inundation over the next few decades from undersea earthquakes predicted along the coast of Sumatra" Indonesian Cities Lie in Shadow Of Cyclical Tsunami, S Andrew C. Revkin. New York Times (Late Edition (East Coast)). New York, N.Y.: Dec 5, 2006. p. A.5.


Coal mining is a major economic activity in Bengkulu. Three active coal mining companies produce between 200,000 and 400,000 tons of coal per year, which is exported to Malaysia, Singapore, South Asia, and Northeast Asia.

Fishing, especially of tuna and mackerel, is an important activity. Agricultural products exported by the province include ginger, bamboo shoots, and rubber.

Bengkulu's people are depending in working at government. That's why, civil servant recruitment become hottest issue in this one of the poorest province in Indonesia, even Southeast Asia.

Administrative division

Bengkulu province is divided into eight regencies (kabupaten) and one city (kota):
  • Kaur
  • Kepahiang
  • Lebong
  • Muko-Muko
  • North Bengkulu (Bengkulu Utara)
  • Rejang Lebong
  • Seluma
  • South Bengkulu (Bengkulu Selatan)
  • Bengkulu (city)

All text in this article is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
Last revised on March 19, 2010
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