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National parks

This is the list of the national parks of Indonesia. Of all the national parks, 6 are World Heritage Sites, 6 are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves and 3 are wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. A total of 9 parks are largely marine. The first group of five Indonesian national parks were established in 1980. This number increased constantly reaching 41 in 2003. In a major expansion in 2004, nine more new national parks were created, raising the total number to 50.

National park

Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park is a national park on Halmahera, the biggest island in the North Maluku province of Indonesia. The park is considered by BirdLife International to be vital for the survival of at least 23 endemic bird species. Aketajawe-Lolobata, which has an area of 167,300 hectares, was declared a national park in 2004.

The Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park is located in the northern part of Halmahera island in northern Maluku. It is part of the Wallacea biodiversity hotspot. The vegetation of the national park consists mostly of lowland and montane rainforest. The forest is characterised by a high level of biodiversity, including Agathis species, Calophyllum inophyllum, Octomeles sumatrana, Koordersiodendron pinnatum, Pometia pinnata, Intsia bijuga, Canarium mehenbethene gaerta, and Palaquium obtusifolium.

From 51 mammal species found in North Maluku, 28 are found on Halmahera Island, of which 7 are endemic to this region, and one, the Golden Cat (Phalanger sp.), is endemic to the island.

From 243 bird species in North Maluku, 211 have been recorded on Halmahera Island of which 24 are endemic, including Wallace’s Standarwing, Halmahera Cuckoo-shrike, Sombre Kingfisher, White Cockatoo, Invisible Rail, Blue and White Kingfisher (Halcyon diops), Dusky-brown Oriole, Moluccan Goshawk, Dusky Scrubfowl, Long-billed Crow, Grey-headed Fruit-dove, Ivory-breasted Pitta, and Purple Dollarbird.

Reptiles and amphibians in the park include the Callulops Dubia, Caphixalus montanus, and Hydrosaurus werneri. Other endemic fauna on Halmahera includes 2 grasshopper species, 3 dragonfly species, 1 butterfly species, and 20 land mollusc species.

Location map of Aketajawe-Lolobata

All text in this article is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
Last revised on January 06, 2011
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