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Madura is an Indonesian island off the northeastern coast of Java. The island comprises an area of approximately 4,250 km˛ and a population of about four million, most of whom are ethnically Madurese. The main language of Madura is Madurese, which is also spoken in part of eastern Java and on many of the 66 outlying islands. Madura is administered as part of the East Java province.

The Suramadu Bridge (Jembatan Suramadu), also known as the Surabaya–Madura Bridge, is a bridge with three cable-stayed sections constructed between Surabaya on the island of Java and the town of Bangkalan on the island of Madura in Indonesia. Opened on June 10, 2009, the 5.4-km bridge is the longest in Indonesia and the first bridge to cross the Madura Strait. The cable-stayed po (...)

The sea crossing from East Java's mainland to the small island of Madura takes just half an hour. A regular ferry service transports cars and passengers across the narrow strait between Surabaya's harbour of Tanjung Perak and Kamal on Madura's south west coast. Measuring some 160 km in length and about 40 across at its widest point, Madura supports a population of close to 2.3 million i (...)

Cultural forms in Madura are generally speaking similar to those of Java and, looked at from a wider viewpoint, belong to the Java - Bali - Madura - Sunda family. Madurese culture, however, has its own shades and tones, undoubtedly conditioned in part by the harsh landscape and climate. Immediately apparent are the differences in language and mental attitude between the Madurese and say (...)

The Madurese people preserve a number of myths explaining their origins, among them the story of Raden (Prince) Segoro. It is told that long time ago the Javanese kingdom of Medang Kamulan was ruled by one Prabu Gilingwesi, whose daughter, Dewi Bendoro Gung, became pregnant as the gods had willed. The king, however, became angered and ordered one of his ministers, Patih Pragulang (...)

At Arosbaya, 11 km from the town of Bangkalan, situated on the edge of a small ravine, is the tomb of Kanjeng Ratu Ibu, wife of Cakraningrat I, and the old royal cemetery of the Cakraningrat dynasty. The complex is located on a hill, about 4 km inland from Arosbaya. The headstone is worthy of inspection, and the view from the cemetery is spectacular. Bull Racing Bull R (...)

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