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Jambi is a province of Indonesia located on the east coast of central Sumatra. The capital of the province is Jambi city. Jambi province is divided into nine regencies (kabupaten) and one city (kota). The population is of mixed origin with 38% being Malay, 28% Javanese, 10% Kerinci, 5% Minangkabau, 3% Banjarese, 3% Sundanese and 2% Buginese.

Sumatran Rhino
Threathened pocket-sized traveler

The two horned Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is a direct descendant from the prehistoric furry rhinoceros, which walked on this planet for about 40 million years ago. This 'pocket-size' rhinoceros is the smallest of the five existing kinds and less aggressive than his African friends. It's an harmless vegetarian with a certain charming level: their youngsters make the same noise as baby sheep.

The Sumatran rhinoceros is a shy, solitaire traveler, which is very hard to observe in the field. At least one investigator was forces to base his results on almost only footprints and droppings. Rhino's speak by smell and leave urine and droppings as 'information'. Different odors tell whether a female is already pregnant, or just wanting that to be.
The Sumatran rhino is on the verge of extinction. On the entire world there are only 800 left, 700 of them on Sumatra itself. For centuries the animal is the center of hunt for it's ivory horns and other body parts which are very expensive because it's seen as a good medicine in Asia. In his History of Sumatra, Marsden explained that 'the horn is seen as a poison and an antidote, and it's formed into mugs for that reason'. Nowadays the horn is used for fever lowering medication in China. The 'bad' habit of rhino's to follow the same trace every time makes them very vulnerable.

What is also very threatening is the continued chopping of the lowland forest, the habitat of the rhinoceros. This pushed most rhino's back to the more rough highlands, however they need swampy mud-baths to protect their skin against dehydration and parasites. The animals now live on shrinking islands which are too far away from each other to form groups to reproduce, so their existence is threatened.

In 1985, a program for reproducing rhino's in captivity. Twelve Sumatran rhino's were spread over the zoo's of Indonesia, England and the United States and now it's waiting for youngsters. The Sumatran rhinoceros can only be pregnant once every four years, and they have to carry sixteen months for one youngster.

Last revised on November 03, 2009
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