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Two more killed at Freeport mine in Papua province

Papua conflict

spacer 23 July 2009 - Gunmen have killed two people in an attack at the world's largest gold mine in Indonesia's Papua Province. This is the latest in a series of attacks that began on July 11. Local aid officials are concerned the military will use the attacks as pretext to arrest independence activists.


28-07-2009: Seven charged in deadly shootings at Freeport mine
23-07-2009: Two more killed at Freeport mine in Papua province

Australia - Indonesia row over asylumseekers
9 May 2006 - A second Victorian university has fallen foul of the Indonesian Government over West Papuan independence, putting at risk a lucrative education market. Soon after Deakin University was effectively black-listed by Indonesia over the work of two academics, a spokeswoman for the Indonesian Ministry of National Education, Nur Samsiah, said it had also cut ties with RMIT University.
09-05-2006: Second uni on black list in Indonesia
17-04-2006: SBY: Freeport Papua mine closure not an option
10-04-2006: Axes, arrows and AK-47s used in clash in Papua

Australia gets involved via Papuans asking asylum
22-04-2006: Australia's special envoy visits over Papua issue
18-04-2006: Australia sends envoy to repair Indonesia ties
06-04-2006: Papuans prepared to 'risk lives' for asylum
05-04-2006: Yudhoyono: 'Review cooperation with Canberra'
04-04-2006: Barnabas Suebu named Papua governor
02-04-2006: Fears cartoon could damage Australia - Indonesia relationship
28-03-2006: Indonesia says 3 Papuan students possibly flee for PNG
27-03-2006: Indonesia not to cut ties with Australia: Spokesman
24-03-2006: Protests in Papua threaten peace, crisis group says

Newmont gets involved in the conflict
20-03-2006: Newmont suspends exploration after camp attack
15-03-2006: Mine protesters clash with Papua police
09-03-2006: W. Irian Jaya political showdown brewing
02-03-2006: US mining giant faces nationwide protests
24-02-2006: Freeport mine production halted for third day
23-02-2006: Official: 'Freeport Indonesia office building in Jakarta vandalized'
08-02-2006: Govt may review Freeport contract on pollution charges
20-01-2006: Papua refugees charge Indonesia with genocide
17-01-2006: Four more sought over shooting of Americans

Prequel to a showdown, novembr 2005
01-12-2005: Papua residents told not to celebrate 'independence day'
27-11-2005: Indonesia deploys British arms against protesters
19-11-2005: Govt plays down impact of new study on Papua vote
16-11-2005: West New Guinea vote to join Indonesia in 1969 was 'a sham'

Short history about Papua (june 2004)

Papua, formerly known as Irian Jaya, has been dogged by secessionist violence ever since Dutch colonial rule formally ended in 1962. Many Papuans saw the Dutch departure as a chance for complete independence. But within a year, forces from Jakarta had annexed the region and claimed it as part of Indonesia.

A low-level guerrilla organisation called the Free Papua Movement has been fighting a secessionist battle ever since. Despite a heavy Indonesian military presence, attacks and skirmishes have occurred throughout the last four decades, killing thousands of Papuans. The situation has been exacerbated by tensions within the Papuan community.

Locals - who are mainly Christians or Animists of Melanesian origin - have clashed with Muslims who moved to the region as part of the government's transmigration programme. The Dutch colonised Papua in 1828, but unlike the rest of Indonesia, they did not relinquish control of the province until the 1960s. Instead, on 1 December 1961, they agreed to grant Papuan self-rule.

When the Dutch left, they handed Papua over to the United Nations and then to Jakarta, in a transfer agreement which stipulated that Papuans would be able to decide within six years whether to accept incorporation into Indonesia. From the time Jakarta first annexed the province, there have been sporadic clashes between independence supporters and security forces.

When President Suharto left office in 1998, advocates of Papuan separatism renewed their call for independence. Abdurrahman Wahid came to power in October 1999 and attempted to de-fuse the situation by publicly announcing that the government should accept the blame for some of the region's difficulties.

But Papuans still had many grievances against Jakarta. A major complaint was that much of the revenue from the region's extensive mineral and oil resources was going to central government coffers, rather than benefiting local people. In 2001 Jakarta tried again to appease the Papuans, by granting them greater powers to manage their own affairs.

The region was allowed to keep up to 80% of the profits from its sale of minerals and agricultural produce, and was also allowed to change its name from Irian Jaya to the locally-preferred name of Papua. But despite these concessions, the situation remains volatile.

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