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Volcanoes in Indonesia

The geography of Indonesia is dominated by volcanoes that are formed due to subduction zones between the Eurasian plate and the Indo-Australian plate. Some of the volcanoes are notable for their eruptions, for instance, Krakatau for its global effects in 1883, Lake Toba for its supervolcanic eruption estimated to have occurred 74,000 Before Present which was responsible for six years of volcanic winter, and Mount Tambora for the most violent eruption in recorded history in 1815.


Sulawesi and Sangihe Islands
List of volcanoes in Indonesia

Four peninsulas dominate the shape of Sulawesi island (formerly known as Celebes). The central part is high mountaineous area, but mostly non-volcanic. Active volcanoes are found in the northern peninsula and continuously stretches to the north to Sangihe Islands. The Sangihe Islands marks the border with Philippines.

  Name Shape Elevation Last eruption (VEI)
  Colo Stratovolcano 507 18 July 1983 (4)
Ambang Volcanic cone 1,795 1845 +/- 5 years
Soputan Stratovolcano 1,784 26 December 2006 (1)
Sempu Caldera 1,549 unknown
Tondano Caldera 1,202 unknown
Lokon-Empung Stratovolcano 1,580 23 September 2003 (3)
Mahawu Stratovolcano 1,324 16 November 1977 (0)
Klabat Stratovolcano 1,995 unknown
Tongkoko Stratovolcano 1,149 1880 (1)
Ruang Stratovolcano 725 25 September 2002 (4)
Karangetang Stratovolcano 1,784 2 April 2005 (2)
Banua Wuhu Submarine volcano -5 18 July 1919 (2)
Awu Stratovolcano 1,320 2 June 2004 (2)
Submarine 1922 Submarine volcano -5,000 unknown


All text in this article is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
Last revised on January 22, 2010
    
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