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Volcanoes in Indonesia

The geography of Indonesia is dominated by volcanoes that are formed due to subduction zones between the Eurasian plate and the Indo-Australian plate. Some of the volcanoes are notable for their eruptions, for instance, Krakatau for its global effects in 1883, Lake Toba for its supervolcanic eruption estimated to have occurred 74,000 Before Present which was responsible for six years of volcanic winter, and Mount Tambora for the most violent eruption in recorded history in 1815.


Lesser Sunda Islands
List of volcanoes in Indonesia

The Lesser Sunda Islands is a large archipelago which, from west to east, consists of Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba and the Timor islands; all are located at the edge of the Australian continental shelf. Volcanoes in the area are formed because of oceanic crusts and the movement of the shelf itself.

Some volcanoes completely form an island, for instance, the Sangeang Api island. Mount Tambora, on Sumbawa island, erupted on 5 April 1815, with a scale 7 on the VEI and is considered the most violent eruption in recorded history.

Name Shape Elevation Last eruption (VEI)
Bratan Caldera 2,276 unknown
Batur Caldera 1,717 15 March 1999 (1)
Agung Stratovolcano 3,142 18 February 1963 (5)
Rinjani Stratovolcano 3,726 1 October 2004 (2)
Tambora Stratovolcano 2,850 1967 20 years (0)
Sangeang Api Complex volcano 1,949 30 July 1985 (3)
Wai Sano Caldera 903 unknown
Poco Leok unknown 1,675 unknown
Ranakah Lava dome 2,100 March 1991 (1)
Inierie Stratovolcano 2,245 8050 BC
Inielika Complex volcano 1,559 11 January 2001 (2)
Ebulobo Stratovolcano 2,124 27 February 1969 (2)
Iya Stratovolcano 637 27 February 1969 (3)
Sukaria Caldera 1,500 unknown
Ndete Napu Fumarole 750 unknown
Kelimutu Complex volcano 1,639 3 June 1968 (1)
Rokatenda Stratovolcano 875 3 February 1985 (1)
Egon Stratovolcano 1,703 6 February 2005 (1)
Ilimuda Stratovolcano 1,100 unknown
Lewotobi Stratovolcano 1,703 30 May 2003 (2)
Leroboleng Complex volcano 1,117 26 June 2003 (3)
Riang Kotang Fumarole 200 unknown
Iliboleng Stratovolcano 1,659 June 1993 (1)
Lewotolo Stratovolcano 1,423 15 December 1951 (2)
Ililabalekan Stratovolcano 1,018 unknown
Iliwerung Complex volcano 1,018 22 May 1999 (0)
Batu Tara Stratovolcano 748 1847 (2)
Sirung Complex volcano 862 1970 (2)
Yersey Submarine volcano -3,800 unknown


All text in this article is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
Last revised on October 03, 2011
    
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