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Volcanoes in Indonesia

The geography of Indonesia is dominated by volcanoes that are formed due to subduction zones between the Eurasian plate and the Indo-Australian plate. Some of the volcanoes are notable for their eruptions, for instance, Krakatau for its global effects in 1883, Lake Toba for its supervolcanic eruption estimated to have occurred 74,000 Before Present which was responsible for six years of volcanic winter, and Mount Tambora for the most violent eruption in recorded history in 1815.


Volcanoes in Indonesia
Major eruptions in Indonesia

Below is a list of selected major eruptions of volcanoes in Indonesia, sorted chronologically by the starting date of the eruption. Only eruptions with scale 3 or above on VEI are given with known sources and fatalities, except if smaller scale eruptions resulted some fatalities.

Eruption date Volcano Cessation date VEI Tsunami Tephra volume Fatality
spacer
  20 Jan 1992 Merapi 2002 2 no N/A 66
10 Feb 1990 Kelut Mar 1990 4 no 0.13 km³ 35
18 Jul 1983 Colo Dec 1983 4 no N/A 0
5 Apr 1982 Galunggung 8 Jan 1983 4 no > 0.37 km³ 68
6 Oct 1972 Merapi Mar 1985 2 no 0.021 km³ 29
26 Apr 1966 Kelut 27 Apr 1966 4 no 0.089 km³ 212
17 Mar 1963 Agung 27 Jan 1964 5 no 1 km³ 1,148
31 Aug 1951 Kelut 31 Aug 1951 4 no 0.2 km³ 7
25 Nov 1930 Merapi Sep 1931 3 no 0.0017 km³ 1,369
19 May 1919 Kelut 20 May 1919 4 no 0.19 km³ 5,110
7 Jun 1892 Awu 12 Jun 1892 3 yes N/A 1,532
26 Aug 1883 Krakatau Feb 1884 6 15–42 m 5–8.5 km³ 36,600
15 Apr 1872 Merapi 21 Apr 1872 4 no 0.33 km³ 200
2 Mar 1856 Awu 17 Mar 1856 3 yes 0.51±0.50 km³ 2,806
8 Oct 1822 Galunggung Dec 1822 5 no > 1 km³ 4,011
10 Apr 1815 Tambora 15 Jul 1815 7 1–2 m 160 km³ > 71,000
6 Aug 1812 Awu 8 Aug 1812 4 no 0.55±0.50 km³ 963
12 Aug 1772 Papandayan 12 Aug 1772 3 no N/A 2,957
4 Aug 1672 Merapi unknown 3 no N/A 3,000
1586 Kelut unknown 5 no > 1 km³ 10,000
≈ 74,000 year ago Toba unknown 8 likely 2,800 km³ near extinction of
human population


All text in this article is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
Last revised on November 11, 2009
    
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