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Surabaya

Surabaya is Indonesia's second-largest city, and the capital of the province of East Java. It is located on the northern shore of eastern Java at the mouth of the Mas River and along the edge of the Madura Strait. To Indonesians, it is known as "the city of heroes", due to the importance of the Battle of Surabaya in galvanising Indonesian and international support for Indonesian independence during the Indonesian National Revolution.



The main point of East Java is located at the northern coast, in Surabaya: a rising industrial and commercial centre, and the second largest city in Indonesia. With it's three milion residents this factory-, and seaport city has developed into the economical capital of entire Eastern Indonesia. The seaport ( Tanjung Perak'e.g. Cape Silver ) is a crossing of trade between the eastern islands (...)



North of the triangle Jalan Tunjungan - Pemuda - Kaliasin are the old quarters of Surabaya. On Jalan Pahlawan is the Monument of the Heroes (Tugu Pahlawan) dating back to the fifties. It is built for the bravery of the youths of Surabaya during the battle of Surabaya. At this famous Surabaya got itís nickname 'City of Heroesí. East of the square is the colonial governors house which partial (...)



Just like Jakarta, Surabaya developed around the harbor, and gradually grew southwards. A visit to the city normally starts in the new commercial and governmental center around Jalan Tunjungan and Jalan Pemuda, a fast developing, smaller version of Jalan Thamrin - Sudirman - Gatot Subroto, the main archer in Jakarta. Point of recognition for Jalan Tunjungan is Hotel Majapahit, the forme (...)



The city is served by Juanda International Airport. For trains, the city has several stations. They are Surabaya Kota (better known as Semut) , Pasar Turi, and Gubeng. The main bus terminal is Purabaya (also known as Bungurasih, the area where it is located). Transportation in Surabaya is supported by the infrastructure of land transport, sea and air that could serve the local trip, reg (...)



Surabaya is locally believed to derive its name from the words sura or suro (shark) and baya or boyo (crocodile), two creatures which, in a local myth, fought each other in order to gain the title of "the strongest and most powerful animal" in the area according to a Jayabaya prophecy. This prophecy tells of a fight between a giant white shark and a giant white crocodile. Now the two an (...)



At the most remote Southeastern corner of the city, at the end of Jalan Kenjeran, is Pantai Ria Kenjeran, Kenjeran Beach. There is no beach in the area and the new amusement park has changed into a love hotel, but in the old park there certainly is good seafood for sale. It's in the middle of the Madurese fishing villages, which hold birding contests as a popular game of gambling; illegal, (...)



Could the little village of Pacet in the hills outside Surabaya become the eco-tourism center of East Java? It certainly has the credentials: Dense forests, steep slopes, spectacular waterfalls and fertile valleys; history for the finding; culture for the curious. But first these assets have to be spruced up, made safe, properly packaged and sold to cautious locals and nervous visitors. (...)

    
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