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Provinces of Indonesia

The province (provinsi or propinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. Each province has its own local government (Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi), headed by the governor (gubernur); and has its own legislative body (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah). The Governor and member of representatives are elected by popular vote for 5 years term.


Jambi
Motto: Sepucuk Jambi Sembilan Lurah

This page is a short summary containing more general information about the province of Jambi. Extensive information on Jambi can be found in the directories 'Sumatra' and 'Jambi' on this website.


Location map of Jambi.

Jambi is a province of Indonesia located on the east coast of central Sumatra. The capital of the province is Jambi city. The population of the province is 2,407,000 (2000 census).

History

Before what is now Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch East India Company, Jambi was the site of a well-established, powerful Srivijayan kingdom that engaged in trade throughout the Strait of Malacca and beyond. It succeeded Palembang to the south, which was a frequent military and economic rival, as the later capital of the ancient kingdom. The move to Jambi was partly induced by the historic 1025 raid by pirates from the Chola region of southern India that destroyed much of Palembang.

In the early decades of the Dutch presence in the region, when the future colonizers were just one of several groups of traders competing with the British, Chinese, Arabs, and Malays, the Jambi sultanate profitably traded pepper with the Dutch. This relationship declined by about 1770, and the sultanate had little contact with the Dutch for about sixty years.

In 1833, minor conflicts with the Dutch, who were well established in Palembang, meant the Dutch increasingly felt the need to control the actions of Jambi. They coerced Sultan Facharudin to agree to greater Dutch presence in the region and control over trade, although the sultanate remained nominally independent. In 1858 the Dutch, apparently concerned over the risk of competition for control from other foreign powers, invaded Jambi with a force from Batavia. They met little resistance, and Sultan Taha fled to the upriver, inland regions of Jambi. The Dutch installed a puppet ruler, Nazarudin, in the lower region, which included the capital city. For the next forty years Taha maintained the upriver kingdom, and slowly reextended his influence over the lower regions through political agreements and marriage connections. In 1904, however, the Dutch were stronger and, as a part of a larger campaign to consolidate control over the entire archipelago, soldiers finally managed to capture and kill Taha, and in 1906, the entire area was brought under direct colonial management.

Administrative division

Jambi province is divided into nine regencies (kabupaten) and one city (kota):
  • Batang Hari
  • Bungo
  • Jambi (city)
  • Kerinci
  • Merangin
  • Muaro Jambi
  • Sarolangun
  • Tanjung Jabung Timur
  • Tanjung Jabung Barat
  • Tebo


All text in this article is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
Last revised on March 19, 2010
    
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