Provinces of Indonesia
The province (provinsi or propinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. Each province has its own local government (Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi), headed by the governor (gubernur); and has its own legislative body (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah). The Governor and member of representatives are elected by popular vote for 5 years term.
This page is a short summary containing more general information about the province of West Java
. Extensive information on West Java
can be found in the directories 'Jawa
' and 'Bandung
' on this website.
Location map of West Java.
West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. The capital is Bandung.
History shows that West Java is the first province in Indonesia, referring to a statement from Staatblad number 378. In 1950, West Java province officially became a province of Indonesia. On October 17, 2000, as part of nationwide political decentralization, Banten was separated from West Java and made into a new province.
Geography and demographics
According to the 2005 Socio-Economic Survey, West Java's population is 39,960,869, making it the most populous province in Indonesia. It has an area of 34,736 kmē; aside from the province of Jakarta, it is the most densely populated province in the country with an average of 1,150 people per kmē.
West Java borders Jakarta and Banten province to the west, and Central Java to the east. To the north is Java Sea. To the south is the Indian Ocean. Unlike most other provinces in Indonesia which have their capitals in coastal area, the provincial capital Bandung is located in a mountainous area.
In addition to Indonesian, the official national language, the other widely-spoken language in the province is Sundanese. In some areas near the southern borders with Central Java, Javanese is also spoken. The ethnic language spoken in Cirebon and nearby areas (Majalengka, Indramayu, Sumber) is Cirebonese which is a mix between Sundanese and Javanese. Indonesian is widely spoken as a second language, except in some remote rural areas.
West Java is subdivided into regencies (kabupaten), each with a local capital:
- Bogor Regency, Cibinong
- Sukabumi Regency, Pelabuhan Ratu
- Cianjur Regency, Cianjur
- Bandung Regency, Soreang
- Garut Regency, Garut
- Tasikmalaya Regency, Tasikmalaya
- Ciamis Regency, Ciamis
- Kuningan Regency, Kuningan
- Cirebon Regency, Sumber
- Majalengka Regency, Majalengka
- Sumedang Regency, Sumedang
- Indramayu Regency, Indramayu
- Subang Regency, Subang
- Purwakarta Regency, Purwakarta
- Karawang Regency, Karawang
- Bekasi Regency, Bekasi
List of cities (kota) in West Java:
Raw natural resources include chalk, several offshore oilfields in the Java Sea, and lumber. Most of the province is very fertile, with a mix of small farms and larger plantations. There are several hydropower dams, including Jatiluhur, Saguling, and Cirata.
Ciater resort near Subang
Maribaya in Lembang
Mount Tangkuban Perahu
Taman Safari in Cipanas
Bogor Botanical Gardens in Bogor
Beaches of Pangandaran
Selabintana resort in Sukabumi
Boscha Observatorium in Lembang
Mekarsari fruit park, the world's biggest fruit park
July 2006 earthquake
Recently, the region was shocked by 7.2 on Richter-scale earthquake that followed by small-scale tsunami. The earthquake was followed by 2 big aftershocks with both measured up to 5.9 and 6.1 on Richter scale respectively.
Last revised on March 19, 2010
Looking for e-tickets for flights in Indonesia? Here's your solution! Order your e-tickets at ticketindonesia.info
| BOOKMARK THIS PAGE
Add this page to your email, your own blog, MySpace, Facebook, or whatsoever via AddThis:
| GIVE FEEDBACK
Additional information, updates or feedback? Send them in!