Prambanan is the ninth century Hindu temple compound in Central Java, Indonesia, dedicated to Trimurti, the highest three gods in Hinduism. The temple compound located approximately 18 km east of Yogyakarta city. The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, currently is the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia, and is one of the largest Hindu temples in south-east Asia.
The Prambanan Temple is a group of Hindu temples and was also known as Lorojonggrang Temple. The word Prambanan refers to the name of a District, Prambanan District, whereas Lorojonggrang refers to its actual name.
The temple complex has three concentric squares:
· Outer square (222 x 390 meters) surrounded by a 1 meter boundary wall · Middle square (110 x 110 meters) surrounded by a 1-meter boundary wall · Center square (34 x 34 meters) surrounded by a 1-meter boundary wall
All the three squares have gates to connect the other squares. The outer square does not have temples. Inside the middle square there are 224 Perwara Temples, which are arranged in 4 rows of temples.
The first row consists of 68 temples, followed by the second row(60 temples), the third row(52 temples) and the fourth row(44 temples).
The arrangement of temples is in such a way that shorter temples lie in the outside and getting higher toward the center. Inside the center square are sixteen small and big temples. Some of them are:
· Ciwa Temple as the main temple · Wisnu Temple in the North of Ciwa Temple · Brahma Temple in the South of Ciwa Temple · Nandi Temple in front of Ciwa Temple · Temple A and B lies in front of Wisnu Temple and Ciwa Temple · Apit Temple lies in the North and the South flanking row of temples (the West and East row),(Apit= to flank) · Four Kelir Temples in front of each gate of the main square · Four Sudut Temples (sudut= corner) at each of the corner of the main square.
Last revised on September 12, 2009
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