This is the list of the national parks of Indonesia. Of all the national parks, 6 are World Heritage Sites, 6 are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves and 3 are wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. A total of 9 parks are largely marine. The first group of five Indonesian national parks were established in 1980. This number increased constantly reaching 41 in 2003. In a major expansion in 2004, nine more new national parks were created, raising the total number to 50.
Manupeu Tanah Daru National Park is located on the island of Sumba in Indonesia. This national park consists plenty of steepy slopes. There are about 118 plant species protected in this national park including Toona sureni, Sterculia foetida, Schleichera oleosa, Alstonia scholaris (Ditabark), Tamarind, Candlenut, Syzygium species, Casuarina species, and Lantana camara (Spanish Flag).
There are also 87 species of birds protected in this region, with 7 bird taxa are endemic to the island of Sumba. These are Sumba Yellow-crested Cockatoo, Sumba Green Pigeon, Sumba Flycatcher, Sumba Cicadabird, Apricot-breasted Sunbird and Sumba Hornbill.
57 species of butterflies are also protected here, 7 of them are endemic to this island. These are Papilio neumoegenii, Ideopsis oberthurii, Delias fasciata, Junonia adulatrix, Athyma karita, Sumalia chilo, and Elimnia amoena.