This is the list of the national parks of Indonesia. Of all the national parks, 6 are World Heritage Sites, 6 are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves and 3 are wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. A total of 9 parks are largely marine. The first group of five Indonesian national parks were established in 1980. This number increased constantly reaching 41 in 2003. In a major expansion in 2004, nine more new national parks were created, raising the total number to 50.
Kutai National Park is a lowland national park located on the east coast of Borneo Island, in the East Kalimantan province of Indonesia, few minutes south of the equator. The park is located north of the Mahakam river and includes several lakes: Danau Maau, Santan, Besar and Sirapan. It is adjacent to the towns of Bontang and Sangatta and 120 km north of the provincial capital Samarinda. There are several traditional Bugis settlements within the national park.
The Kutai National Park extends over an area of 2,000 km˛, part of the former Kutai Game Reserve which has been protected since the 1970s. However this status did not prevent the logging of a third of the forest in subsequent years. In an attempt to prevent further deforestation the Kutai National Park was established in 1982. Nevertheless, the great Borneo fires of 1982/83 destroyed another 60% of the forest. Thus only 30% of the primary growth forest remains.
The main habitat in the park is primary and secondary tropical rainforest, although all habitats of East Kalimantan can be found. At the coast the vegetation consists of mangrove swamps, backed by freshwater swamp. Kerangas can also be found. There are a few lakes in the reserve: Danau Maau, Santan, Besar and Sirapan. Several species of primates and probably more than 80% of the bird species of Borneo can be seen.
Kutai National Park is one of the easy accessible parks on Kalimantan. You reach it from Bontang, a industry city north of Samarinda. To get to Bontang take a bus from Lempake station or take a boat from Seberang station, both in Samarinda. At the PHPA office in Bontang you can get a permit, guides and advice about tours through the park.
Hotel Kutai Indah
Kutai National Park
Simple accomodation and meals at the PHPA posts
- PHPA, Jl. Mularman 236, Bontang.
- WWF, Jl. Katamso 12, Samarinda.
Accompanied by a obligatory PHPA guide you can make several treks through the park. Inquire at the PHPA office in Bontang.