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National parks

This is the list of the national parks of Indonesia. Of all the national parks, 6 are World Heritage Sites, 6 are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves and 3 are wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. A total of 9 parks are largely marine. The first group of five Indonesian national parks were established in 1980. This number increased constantly reaching 41 in 2003. In a major expansion in 2004, nine more new national parks were created, raising the total number to 50.


Bukit Barisan Selatan
National park

Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is a national park in Sumatra, Indonesia. The park has a total area of 3,568 km˛, and spans three provinces: Lampung, Bengkulu, and South Sumatra. Together with Gunung Leuser and Kerinci Seblat national parks it forms a World Heritage Site, Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra.

The park is home to many endangered species, including:
· Sumatran Elephant (about 500 animals, or 25% of the total remaining population of this subspecies live in the park).
· Sumatran Striped Rabbit (all recent records of this poorly known species have been from the park).
· Sumatran Rhino (an estimated 60-80 Sumatran rhinos live in the park; approximately the same number live in Gunung Leuser National Park, and when combined the two parks account for the majority of this species' population).
· Sumatran Tiger (approximately 40 adult tigers or 10% of the remaining Sumatran tigers live in the park).

Access

There is hardly any touristic development in the park. Howerver, you can visit the park but this will take some perseverance. The advantage is that there are little other tourists to be found. There are four possibilities to enter the park. Permits are available from the PHPA office in Kota Agung. For Liwa you can get a permit in the rayon office in Liwa.
Kubu Perahu Kubu Perahu is attainable from Bandar Lampung (station Rajabasa). Take a bus with destination Liwa or Krui. Kubu Perahu lies 6km from Liwa, on teh road to Krui. Suwoh A more difficult access because a part of the road to the park is not metalled. For Suwoh take a bus from Bandar Lampung (station Rajabasa) to Kota Agung. From Kota Agung minibuses go to Sedaya.

From Sedaya take an ojek (motorcycle) to Suwoh. This trip is only possible during the dry season. Sukaraja Atas Sukaraja Atas is as difficult to reach as Suwoh. For Sukaraja travel the same way to Sedaya. From Sedaya take an ojek to Sukaraja Atas. Tampang-Belimbing This is the most developed area of the park. Take a bus from Bandar Lampung to Kota Agung. In Kota Agung go to the harbour by minibus and take a boat along the coast to Tampang. The boat-trip will take 5-7 hours.

History

Starting as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1935, the area became a National Park in 1982. The park has recently lost 20% of its forests to illegal agriculture, according to the World Wide Fund for Nature. WWF found that more than 450 km˛ of park land is being used for growing coffee, and the organisation is now working with multinational coffee companies (including Nestle) to help them avoid buying illegally grown coffee.


Location map of Bukit Barisan Selatan

All text in this article is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
Last revised on January 06, 2011
    
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