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Mount Merapi

Mount Merapi, Gunung Merapi ('Mountain of Fire'), is a conical volcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. It is the most active volcano in Indonesia and has erupted regularly since 1548. It is very close to the city of Yogyakarta, and thousands of people live on the flanks of the volcano, with villages as high as 1700 m above sea level.

Situation report: 23 May 2006
Mount Merapi Volcano

Situation report: 23 May 2006

The area around Mount Merapi in central Java, Indonesia, continues to remain under alert following last week's volcanic eruptions that threaten the safety of hundreds of nearby residents and has caused the evacuation of more than 5,000 people.

Though initial shots of hot ash and gas that marked eruptions early last week have not been repeated, the area near the volcanic mountain remains under highest alert and officials have said the area remains dangerous. A 3.7-mile zone around the mountain has been declared off-limits - though many residents remain within the zone and have refused to leave.

A 3 million-cubic-yard lava "dome" still poses a threat and could collapse, according to scientists.


On Sunday, Church World Service Indonesia began distributing 435 health kits to internally displaced persons in Merapi. The distribution took place at the Boyolali Selo camp, Central Java, and occurred in the villages of Trogolele and Jakrah village, as well as in two shelters in nearby schools.

CWS plans to distribute an additional 10.000 packages of hygiene kit and 2,000 blankets.

BAKORNAS PB: National Coordinating Board for the Management of Disaster
BPPTK: Center for Volcano Research and Technology Development
MENKOKESRA: Deputy for Disaster Management of Coordinating Ministry for People's Welfare
ORARI: Amateur Radio Organization of Indonesia
PDAM: local state owned water company
PMI: Palang Merah Indonesia (Indonesian Red Cross)
SATLAK: District Disaster Management Committee
SATKORLAK: Provincial Coordinating Unit for the Management of Disasters
SO2: sulphur oxide

Mount Merapi Volcano related
Gunung Merapi likely to erupt

Last revised on January 17, 2010
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