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Jambi

Jambi is a province of Indonesia located on the east coast of central Sumatra. The capital of the province is Jambi city. Jambi province is divided into nine regencies (kabupaten) and one city (kota). The population is of mixed origin with 38% being Malay, 28% Javanese, 10% Kerinci, 5% Minangkabau, 3% Banjarese, 3% Sundanese and 2% Buginese.



Dutch colonial ethnographer Van Eerde noted that he could find no greater cultural contrast in Indonesia between the highly civilized people of Bali (with their lavish costumes, elegant dances and elaborate religious ceremonies) and the primitive Kubu tribesmen of southern Sumatra, who wandered naked in the jungle, lived in simple huts and foraged for food. However, if Van Eerde had the opportunit (...)



The low populated province of Jambi concludes an area the size of Switzerland (53,500 sq.km.), that is irrigated by the Batang Hari river, the longest river on Sumatra and her side rivers. The Batang Hari springs on Gunung Rasam (2585 meters) in West Sumatra and lingers for about 800 kilometers towards the east to Selat Malakka ('Malacca Strait'). Her most important side rivers a (...)



Exciting climax of a journey through Jambi is a visit to the magnificent, isolated Kerinci Valley along the western side of the island. The most nice part of the valley belongs to Kerinci-Seblat, with a total area of 15,000 sq.km, it's the biggest national park of Sumatra. It consists of a 345 kilometre long stretch of the highlands of Bukit Barisan ('Chain of Hills') and it's located on th (...)



Before what is now Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch East India Company, Jambi was the site of a well-established, powerful Srivijayan kingdom that engaged in trade throughout the Strait of Malacca and beyond. It succeeded Palembang to the south, which was a frequent military and economic rival, as the later capital of the ancient kingdom. The move to Jambi was partly induced by the historic 10 (...)



The two horned Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is a direct descendant from the prehistoric furry rhinoceros, which walked on this planet for about 40 million years ago. This 'pocket-size' rhinoceros is the smallest of the five existing kinds and less aggressive than his African friends. It's an harmless vegetarian with a certain charming level: their youngsters make the same (...)



The modern provincial capital of Jambi consists of the old, pre-war center, seat of the former sultanate Jambi, and the new governmental centre in Telanaipura (City of prince Telanai) just west of it. The population, about 300,000 inhabitants, is ethnically very mixed: Malay, Minangkabau, Arabs, Chinese, Banjarese, Buginese and Javanese. Jambi is an important tide harbor with a growing economy (oi (...)

    
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